I've now flown the simple instrumented HPR 5 times with data recording.
I've learned some things
Flight 1 at FAR Spark fun IMU, GPS and 6DOF Analog devices ADIS16360
GPS did not work at all, Spark fun was noisy, ADIS16360 worked reasonable well
Flight 2 At FAR, shorted battery cable, only goy Spark Fun IMU data.
Flight 3 at Plaster City (Yesterday) OpenPilot 10Hz GPS and ADIS16400 Analog deivces IMU.
GPS lost lock moments abter ignition (10 G or So) ADIS data all looks good.
On board recorder did not work, only have down link telemetry.
Flight 4 at Plaster City (Yesterday) OpenPilot GPS and ADIS16400 Analog deivces IMU.
GPS kept lock till parachute deployment (where the GPS is now pointing at ground).
Take off was only about 6-7G, while the GPS says it kept lock, the altitude data was wrong and did not follow the flight path, onboard data recording worked correctly. (A few minor drop outs, I think the data recording connector is intermittent)
Flight 5 At plaster City Same setup 10-12G launch, GPS lost lock, ADIS16400 data looks good.
Telemetry log only, on-board recorder did not work.
Things I've learned:
- The $125 Spark Fun 9DOF IMU does not like rocket vibration, and the accelerometer saturates on the rocket.
- The $500 ADIS16400 is really pretty good, the data is clean and seems to make sense.
- The low cost 10Hz GPS's are not happy with high acceleration. (To be expected)
- The Max stream 900Mhz Xbee seems to be reliable even with grossly sub optimal antennas.
My goal is to develop a low cost system, buying a 5K GPS and 10K IMU are not part of the program. I'm really happy with the analog devices IMU, now to solve the GPS. I have one more
gps to try the new Novatel OemStar, I suspect that it may do better, but it is not available in a form that does not have the COCOM limits. I really do want to develop a vehicle in the next 12 months that will exceed 1K knots and 60K ft at the same time. There is an open GPS project based on the old Novatel SuperStar, alas the super star hardware is not available anymore and the base band chip set used on that receiver is not available. I can buy a Novatel receiver that is unlocked but it would be about 2K. As I've said several times this year, I currently have more rocket time than rocket $, I can continue to do interesting things with my leftover LLC hardware, but it does not match the far end goal. The far end goal is a 100Km 5Kg payload rocket that is reusable and can be reproduced for less than 10K.
In the past few years there have been a number of interesting papers, and even some 100% open projects on building software GPS receivers with just a simple front end. There are also a number of GPS front end chips and module assemblies that will directly feed such a receiver.
In looking at these projects its clear to me that a high dynamic GPS receiver with real time 10Hz updates is still beyond state of the art for realtime software only receivers. I want to do some experiments in this area, so I'm bread boarding a MAX2769 GPS front end chip a small FPGA and a high data rate SD card to record about 60 seconds of GPS front end data. So some time in the next month or so I hope to fly a payload that records GPS front end data and can be post processed with the open source software GPS receivers. If this works I might think about developing a 100% open Tightly integrated GPS/IMU using these peices, with the high rate code and carrier loops in an FPGA. Having the IMU data available at the code and carrier phase tracking level can really help the GPS keep lock. The short version is I'm crazy enough to contemplate building my own GPS receiver as I can't find one that meets both my cost and performance targets.
For anyone that cares the raw data file for flight #2 at plaster city is here: http://www.rasdoc.com/data/
The GPS data is at 10Hz and unmodified, the ADIS16400 is shown in the $AIMU lines.
The data is raw from the ADIS16400,(look at that data sheet) the order is Ratex, Ratey, Ratez, Acel X, Acel Y, Acel Z, Magx, Magy, Magz, extra. (I recorded one too many fields)
This flight was a lower acceleration flight on a rocket with big fins so it made a fairly sharp turn into the wind and the flight path was more parabola than straight up. The parachute deployment was also fairly late and abrupt. Looking at the Magnetic data it looks like the rocket rolled about 5 revolutions during the boost phase.